Romanos the Melode
- Creator of the Byzantine hymn (q.v.). He was a church deacon from Syria (q.v.), possibly of Jewish heritage, who settled in Constantinople during the reign of Anastasios I (q.v.). He composed a thousand hymns, only a fraction of which survive under his name. He developed and promoted the kontakion (q.v.), a sermon in verse, chanted by preacher and choir, that was the most popular form of hymn in the late fifth and sixth centuries. Much modern discussion has focused on the authorship of particular hymns, e.g., the Akathistos Hymn (q.v.), as well as how much Romanos was influenced by Syriac religious poetry and Jewish psalmody. Subsequent hymnographers, including Kosmas the Hymnographer (q.v.), were much influenced by Romanos, although his beloved kontakion was gradually replaced by another kind of church hymn, the kanon (q.v.).
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Kosmas the Hymnographer — See Romanos the Melode … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Greek literature — Introduction body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium BC to the present day. From the beginning its writers were Greeks living not only in Greece proper but also in Asia Minor, the… … Universalium
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Theophanes Graptos — He and his brother Theodore Graptos (q.v.) were the chief opponents of Iconoclasm (q.v.) during the reign of Theophilos (q.v.). They were each branded (graptos) on their foreheads for supporting the veneration of icons (q.v.). After Theophilos … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Akathistos Hymn — See Music; Romanos the Melode … Historical dictionary of Byzantium